Biogeography includes vegetation dynamics and plant geography to determine how spatial patterns in disturbance regimes and vegetation characteristics are generated in forest and marsh environments. Biogeography concerns the spatial distribution of organisms over Earth's surface and the processes responsible for those distributional patterns. The research of Texas A&M biogeographers focuses on how climate, landforms, disturbances, human land use, and biotic factors interact to influence vegetation patterns. The geographical scope of our work includes the United States (the Rocky Mountains, Cascades, Appalachian Mountains, Gulf Coastal Plain, Alaska) and northern Europe (Sweden, Denmark).
Climatology investigates climate change through synoptic climatology and permafrost dynamics, drought and hydroclimatology, and the use of deep-sea and tropical corals to examine past-climate systems. The Climatology Group at Texas A&M University's Department of Geography focuses on a variety of aspects of climate variability. This research includes applied climatology, paleoclimatology, synoptic climatology, hydroclimatology, water resources, and the global hydrologic cycle. We also investigate surface-atmosphere interactions over the land and oceans, such as land cover/land use change, ocean-atmosphere interactions and teleconnections, deep-sea and tropical corals, and a special focus on high latitude (Arctic) climate change.
Geomorphology examines earth surface processes and landforms in fluvial, coastal, desert, and Quaternary environments with a focus on the response and recovery of those systems to extreme events and the role that anthropogenic forcing may lead to unprecedented landscape change in the future. At Texas A&M, the focus of research is on aeolian, coastal, desert, fluvial, and glacial geomorphology. The geographic scope of our work is the United States (along the Texas coast, California, Big Bend National Park) and Europe (Italy and Portugal).